Ending The Tobacco Holocaust Chapter 6 References and Footnotes:

Ending The Tobacco Holocaust: how Big Tobacco affects our health, pocketbook and political freedom, and what we can do about it.

Chapter 6: "They Got Lips? We Want 'Em":
Creating Generations of Addicts.

1 Quoted in the British television news magazine World in Action, “Secrets of Safer Cigarettes,” 1988.

2 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

3 Osdene, Tom, “Why One Smokes, First Draft, 1969,” Trial Exhibit 3681, Bates # 1003287836-48.

4 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

5 Seffrin, J., Foreword. In MacKay, J., Eriksen, M., Shafey, O., The Tobacco Atlas, Second Edition, published by The American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, p. 10.

6 Kessler, David. A Question of Intent. PublicAffaris. New York. 2001.

7 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

8 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report. Asunta, Mary, Consumers Association of Penang, Malaysia.

9 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report. Seimon, Tamsyn, Geneva, Switzerland.

10 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report. Saona, Inoussa, SOS Tabagisme, Niger.

11 Hachimou Isaka is from Niamey, Niger.

12 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

13 Quoted in DeParle, J., “Warning: Sports Stars May Be hazardous To Your Health.” The Washington Monthly, September 1989.

14 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

15 da Roza, E., “Marboro Superbike Show ‘90’”. Philip Morris. Interoffice memo. 1990. Bates no. 2504016566.

16 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

17 Quoted in “Formula One and Tobacco: The World’s Most Dangerous Sport?”, Action on Smoking and Health (London), 1998.

18 Philip Morris, “Marlboro, 1990,” Bates # 2504034844.

19 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

20 Philip Morris, “Marlboro World-wide Creative Issues and Guidelines,” undated, Bates # 2501174579-84.

21 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

22 Saffer, Hnery, “Tobacco Advertising and Promotion,” in Tobacco Control in Developing Countries, Jha and Chaloupka eds., Oxford University Press, 2000.

23 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

24 Ibid.

25 BAT, “Post Jesterbury Conference, Future Communication Restrictions in Advertising,” July 10, 1979.

26 How Do You Sell Death. Produced by Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/campaign/global/FCTCreport2.pdf. Many details in this chapter’s discussion were taken from that report.

27 Koenderman, Tony, “Tobacco Corporations Circumvent Advertising Laws. ‘Tobacco Co. Under Fire in South Africa over 'Smoking Parties.'” International Daily. Aug. 28, 2001.

28 Ibid.

29 Winter, G., “Enticing Third World Youth; Big Tobacco Is Accused of Crossing an Age Line.” New York Times, Aug. 24, 2001.Available at: http://bernie.house.gov/documents/articles/2001-08-27-NYTimes-cigarettes.asp?print.

30 Ibid.

31 Winter, Greg, “Big Tobacco Is Accused of Crossing an Age Line.” New York Times. Aug. 24, 2001.

32 Winter, G., “Enticing Third World Youth; Big Tobacco Is Accused of Crossing an Age Line.” New York Times, Aug. 24, 2001.Available at: http://bernie.house.gov/documents/articles/2001-08-27-NYTimes-cigarettes.asp?print.

33 Ibid.

34 Ibid.

35 Ibid.36 Global Youth Tobacco Survey. World Health Organization and United States Centers For Disease Control. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/global/gyts/GYTS_factsheets.htm.

37 Ibid.

38 Winter, G., “Enticing Third World Youth; Big Tobacco Is Accused of Crossing an Age Line.” New York Times, Aug. 24, 2001.Available at: http://bernie.house.gov/documents/articles/2001-08-27-NYTimes-cigarettes.asp?print.

39 Global Youth Tobacco Survey. World Health Organization and United States Centers For Disease Control. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/global/gyts/GYTS_factsheets.htm.

40 As this book was going to press, a new edition was being published by the American Cancer Society. It is available for online viewing at: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/AA/content/AA_2_5_9x_Tobacco_Atlas, and can be ordered from the American Cancer Society at:http://www.cancer.org/docroot/pub/pub_0.asp.

41 Liston, Broward, “Florida Anti-Tobacco Teens Decry World Marketing.” Reuters. Orlando, Florida. June 20, 2001.

42 DiFranza, Joseph, Tobacco Control. 2002;11:228–235.

43 Ibid.

44 Ibid.

45 CDC Youth and Tobacco Use: Current Estimates Fact Sheet, December 2003.

46 Washington Post article. Memos Highlight Importance of 'Younger Adult Smokers' Thursday, Jan. 15, 1998; Page A18. Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/tobacco/stories/memos.htm

47 World Health Organization. Global Youth Tobacco Survey.

48 Washington Post article. Memos Highlight Importance of 'Younger Adult Smokers' Thursday, Jan. 15, 1998; Page A18. Available at:http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/tobacco/stories/memos.htm.

49 Ibid.

50 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Camel also see http://www.wclynx.com/burntofferings/adsjoecamel.html.

51 http://www.uiowa.edu/~commstud/adclass/camel/JoeCool.html.

52 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Camel
Also see:
http://www.wclynx.com/burntofferings/adsjoecamel.html.

53 “Study Indicates Youth Smokers Become Quickly Addicted to Nicotine; Underscores Need for States to Fund Prevention Programs.” U.S. Newswire, Aug. 28, 2002.

54 Khuder S. A., Dayal, H. H., Mutgi, A. B., “Age at smoking onset and its effect on smoking cessation.” Department of Medicine, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo.