Preface and Introduction
References and Footnotes:
Ending The Tobacco Holocaust:
how Big Tobacco affects our health, pocketbook and political freedom, and what we can do about it.
1 http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke/factsheets/factsheet6.html and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Natioonal Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/sgr/sgr_2006/index.htm.
Additional highlight sheets are also available at http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco.
2 U.S. Surgeon General. “The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General.” U.S. Government Printing Office, Pittsburgh, PA 2004.
3 Peto R et al. “Mortality from smoking in developed countries, 1950-2000.” Oxford Medical Publications. Oxford University Press, 1994. 2 International Agency for Research on Cancer.
4 Guindon GE, Boisclair D. “Past, current and future trends in tobacco use.” Washington, DC, World Bank, 2003 (HNP Discussion Paper No. 6, Economics of Tobacco Control Paper No. 6). and Jong-wook L. World Health Organization Director General’s speech to 12th World Congress on Tobacco and Health, presented on August 4th, 2003. Available at: Top of Formhttp://www.who.int/dg/lee/speeches/2003/helsinki/en/.
Availability verified June 15, 2005.
5 Peto R, Lopez AD. “Future worldwide health effects of current smoking patterns.” In Koop CD, Pearson C, Schwarz MR, eds. Critical issues in global health. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass; 2001.
6 Koop CE. “Preface. Tobacco: the public health disaster of the 20th century.” In Boyle P, Gray N, Henningfield J, Seffrin J, Zatonski W eds. Tobacco: science, policy and public health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2004.
7 My calculations used 1,523 for the number of people who died on the Titanic, 58,000 for the approximate number of Americans who died from service in the Vietnam War, and 2,997 for the number who died from the 9/11/2006 terrorist attacks. The numbers were taken from the Wikipedia online encyclopedia.
8 The word Holocaust is being used in this book to focus on a man-made process by a group of business people that will lead to the death of 650 million people currently alive, and 1 billion people in this century. While the business people may not want to kill their customers, they know their product will kill about half of them, and yet they intentionally continue to sell their cigarettes to make money, and intentionally continue to try to expand their markets throughout the world to increase their profits.
9 Sloan FA, Ostermann J, Conover C, Taylor DH Jr, Picone G. The Price of Smoking. MIT Press. Boston, MA. 2004.
11 Hunt WA, Barnett LW, Branch LG. “Relapse rates in addiction programs.” Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1971 Oct; 27(4):455-6.
12 Charles JL, Davies B, DeNoble VJ, Horn JL, Mele PC. “Behavioral pharmacology annual report - 830000 (report). Philip Morris; 1983.” Available at: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/bly44e00. Accessed March 5, 2003. Accessibility verified July 7, 2004. Bates No. 2022144128/4211.
13 DeNoble VJ, Harris CM, Horn J, Mele PC. “Reinforcing activity of acetaldehyde (abstract). Philip Morris; 1997.” Available at: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/can26c00. Accessed March 12, 2003. Accessibility verified July 10, 2004. Bates No. 2071670753/0755.
14 U. S. Surgeon General. Available at: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/smokfact.htm.Accessibility verified April 16, 2006.
15 McKee R. Story: Substance, Structure, Style and The Principles of Screenwriting. Regan Books. New York, NY. 1997.
16 American Legacy Foundation’s 2002 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) found that 80 percent of all smokers started before age 18, and one-third had their first cigarette before age 14.